A negative association between sleep duration and BMI has been observed in children. However, knowledge about the association between sleep duration and diet is limited. The objective was to examine the association between sleep duration and intake of foods and nutrients in children. In the present cross-sectional study, dietary intake and sleep duration were recorded by the parents for seven consecutive days in a food and sleep record in a representative sample of 802 4- to 14-year-old children. No sex differences were found regarding age and sleep duration. Sleep duration was negatively correlated to age (? = –0·68; P < 0·001) and BMI (? = –0·41; P < 0·001). In multiple linear regression analyses, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake (b = –0·015; P = 0·20), but there was a trend towards a positive association with intake of dietary fibre (b = 0·006; P = 0·05) and vegetables (b = 0·011; P = 0·05), and a negative association with intake of poultry (b = –0·002; P = 0·02), and a trend towards a negative association with intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' (b = –0·01; P = 0·05). Furthermore, in a comparison of dietary intake between age-dependent tertiles of sleep duration, only intake of liquid ‘discretionary calories' was significantly lower in long sleepers than in short and medium sleepers ( P = 0·03). In conclusion, sleep duration was not associated with energy intake and the proposal that children with short sleep duration have less healthy eating habits than children with longer sleep duration was only weakly supported by the present findings.
The fresh new incidence out of childhood obesity are emerging because a primary health state ( Reference Reilly 1 ) . In lots of studies, a bad otherwise You-formed matchmaking anywhere between bed stage and you can weight reputation has been noticed in babies ( Resource Taveras, Rifas-Shiman and you can Oken dos ) , pupils ( Site Cappuccio, Taggart and Kandala step three , Site Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and you can Bielfeldt 4 ) , kids ( Reference Hitze, Bosy-Westphal and you can Bielfeldt cuatro , Resource Garaulet, Ortega and you will Ruiz 5 ) and adults ( Resource Cappuccio, Taggart and Kandala 3 , Resource Chaput, Despres and Bouchard 6 ) . Also, meta-analyses analysing analysis out-of education in kids has actually concluded that faster bed period is of the higher likelihood of carrying excess fat ( Site Cappuccio, Taggart and you can Kandala 3 ) . This may have long-identity ramifications ( Site Landhuis, Poulton and you can Welch eight ) given that record out-of heavy from youth so you can adulthood takes place ( Source Wright, Emmett and you may Ness 8 ) , and therefore improving the danger of development certain low-communicable ailment, once the obese was associated with the particular low-communicable disease ( Resource Lloyd, Langley-Evans and you may McMullen 9 ) . The potential influence off quicker sleep years on the weight harmony isn’t understood. That possible hidden elements is that less sleep period renders an affect the fresh new hormone regulation away from cravings. Indeed, sleep disorders could have been advertised to cut back leptin profile, raise ghrelin levels, change sugar homeostasis, and you can trigger new orexin system ( Source Spiegel, Tasali and Leproult ten ) . Furthermore, shorter bed period may also promote overeating and you may weight gain of the improving the go out readily available for dinner, especially in the night time in which sedentary situations, eg watching television, and you may snacking for the very palatable and energy-heavy edibles are all ( Reference Chaput, Klingenberg and you may Astrup 11 ) .
Dating ranging from sleep cycle and weight loss intake for the 4- so you can 14-year-old Danish college students
Whenever reduced sleep period leads to drowsiness and you may/or weakness during daytime this could limit the motivation to be really effective and you la forma de mensaje de alguien en fcn chat may provide inactive habits alternatively. It offers ergo also been speculated that there’s an association anywhere between bed duration, Bmi and you can physical activity; not, is a result of training about it was basically inconsistent ( Reference Garaulet, Ortega and you can Ruiz 5 , Site Ortega, Ruiz and you can Labayen a dozen ) . Not all the studies have looked at brand new connection ranging from sleep cycle and weight-loss high quality ( Resource Maddah, Rashidi and Mohammadpour thirteen – Site Westerlund, Ray and you will Roos 15 ) . This issue is especially associated out of a general public wellness perspective since the enhanced time consumption seems to be probably the most plausible explanation due to the fact to why children with quicker bed cycle keeps a higher risk of becoming obese.